Evaluation of the role of the new INNOVANCE PFA P2Y test cartridge in detection of clopidogrel resistance

Argirios Tsantes, Ignatios Ikonomidis, Ioannis Papadakis, Christine Kottaridi, Aimilia Tsante, Eleni Kalamara, Aikaterini Kardoulaki, Petros Kopterides, Violetta Kapsimali, Petros Karakitsos, John Lekakis, Anthi Travlou

Light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) has been extensively used in monitoring clopidogrel therapy. However, the availability of simple and rapid point-of-care platelet function assays is of great clinical importance. Thus, the manufacturer of the Platelet Function Analyzer (PFA)-100 System has recently produced the INNOVANCE PFA P2Y test cartridge. We assessed the ability of this new test to reliably detect clopidogrel resistance. We enrolled 90 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease receiving chronic clopidogrel maintenance therapy in combination with aspirin. Twenty healthy volunteers served as controls. Clopidogrel resistance was simultaneously analysed by the INNOVANCE PFA P2Y test cartridge, ADP-induced LTA, the flow-cytometric vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP)-phosphorylation assay and the multiple electrode aggregometry (Multiplate). Agreement among the four platelet function methods by two was assessed using Cohen’s kappa coefficient. According to the cut-off points for clopidogrel resistance proposed by the literature, agreement was fair between INNOVANCE PFA-100 P2Y and LTA (74.4%) and Multiplate (75.6%), while poor agreement was noticed in VASP assay (63.3%). Based on cut-off points indicating a higher thrombotic risk, agreement between the PFA-100 System and the other three methods did not significantly differ compared to the previous cut-offs (72.2%, 71.1% and 55.1%, respectively). The INNOVANCE PFA-100 P2Y test seems to be comparable to other established platelet function assays in detecting clopidogrel resistance. However, the modest agreement among platelet function methods makes the performance of platelet function testing crucial with more than one technique in order to reliably identify poor responders to clopidogrel treatment.

Platelets, September 2012; 23(6): 481–489

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